Jun 18, 2020; International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health . https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124376
Maternal deaths remain a major public health concern in low- and middle-income countries. Implementation of maternal and perinatal deaths surveillance and response (MPDSR) is vital to reduce preventable deaths. The study aimed to assess implementation of MPDSR in Rwanda. We applied mixed methods following the six-step audit cycle for MPDSR to determine the level of implementation at 10 hospitals and three health centers. Results showed various stages of implementation of MPDSR across facilities. Maternal death audits were conducted regularly, and facilities had action plans to address modifiable factors. However, perinatal death audits were not formally done. Implementation was challenged by lack of enough motivated staff, heavy workload, lack of community engagement, no linkages with existing quality improvement efforts, no guidelines for review of stillbirths, incomplete medical records, poor classification of cause of death, and no sharing of feedback among others. Implementation of MPDSR varied from facility to facility indicating varying capacity gaps. There is need to integrate perinatal death audits with maternal death audits and ensure the process is part of other quality improvement initiatives at the facility level. More efforts are needed to support health facilities to improve implementation of MPDSR and contribute to achieving sustainable development goal (SDG) 3.