Ebola Virus Disease


Ebola is a viral disease transmitted through direct contact with bodily fluids of an infected person or an infected dead body. It can also be transmitted when handling dead animals.

Signs and symptoms of ebola virus disease

The incubation period, that is, the time interval from infection with the virus to onset of symptoms, is from 2 to 21 days. A person infected with Ebola cannot spread the disease until they develop symptoms.

Symptoms of EVD can be sudden and include:

  • Fever
  • weakness
  • Joint pain
  • Headache
  • Sore throat
  • Vomiting and abdominal pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Skin Rashes
  • Bleeding from bodily orifices
  • Eye Redness

Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is a rare and deadly disease in people and nonhuman primates. The viruses that cause EVD are located mainly in sub-Saharan Africa. People can get EVD through direct contact with an infected animal (bat or nonhuman primate) or a sick or dead person infected with Ebola virus.

When traveling back into Rwanda with a fever, please seek immediate medical attention or call the toll-free number 114

  • Always wash hands using water and soap;
  • Avoid unnecessary journeys to Ebola outbreak zones
  • In case of fever, immediately go to the nearest health facility
  • Avoid touching bodily fluids of people who have a fever
  • Any animal should not be touched when dead
  • Donĺt touch the body of an Ebola victim and donĺt bury the victim yourself
  • The burial of an Ebola victim should be done by protected and trained people only
  • A completely healed person can no longer transmit the virus of Ebola

Rwanda launched officially launched the Ebola vaccination program -UMURINZI- Unprecedented Movement to drive a Unified Rwandan Initiative for National EBOLA Immunization, as one of Rwanda's efforts to protect its population against the Ebola Virus Disease. During this voluntary vaccination campaign, about 200,000 Ebola Vaccine regimens will be given to people who will provide informed consent for the vaccine. The Ebola vaccine started with Rubavu and Rusizi Districts. The injection is given to all those who voluntarily accept to be the beneficiaries of the preventive vaccine aged two years and above in two injections.

The Ministry of health in partnership with WHO and other partners made a great step to strengthen national capacity for early detection and containment in the event a case spreads to Rwanda. The country is equipped with an Emergency Treatment Centre built in Rugerero Sector, Rubavu district, to screen and treat Ebola in case of an outbreak. Exercises took place in different health facilities in 13 districts. Screening is being performed on all borders and airports. Rwanda has trained over 23657 people including Doctors, nurses, hospital staff, Police, Red Cross Volunteers and Community Health Workers.

Public awareness and community mobilization are still ongoing on Ebola Symptoms, prevention measures and steps to follow if Ebola case is suspected through community meetings, outreach events and media. Billboards and posters with information on Ebola are hung at border areas, in hotels, schools, hospitals, health centres, and other public places in high risk zones.

  • Report any suspected case of Ebola via the Ministry toll free number 114, Police on 112, Community health workers or to any nearest health facility;
  • In case you know someone who is from an Ebola affected area, immediately report to the Police on 112, to the Ministry of Health on 114, to the nearest local authorities or community health workers;
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